Gemini North Shutdown Extended Following Incident During Mirror Movement
On Thursday 20 October 2022 the 8.1-meter primary mirror of Gemini North suffered damage to two areas on its outer and bottom edge
1 November 2022
Final update: 7 June 2023
Gemini North returned to night-time operations on 2 June; Its first science observations after the repairs were of the galaxy Messier 101 and the recent supernova within it: SN 2023ixf. In this initial period we expect to carry out a mix of engineering tune-up and science observing as the weather conditions permit. Principal Investigators of Target of Opportunity (ToO) programs should note that we will start accepting ToOs only once the engineering and instrument checkout is complete.
Gemini/NOIRLab thanks the mirror repair team, Safran–Reosc, the independent review board, and all the staff involved in this challenging exercise.
Update 31 May 2023
The Gemini North telescope has now been reassembled. The mirror cell has been installed in the telescope, and the mirror support systems have been successfully powered up and tested. The new lateral-actuator pad is performing as expected. On-sky engineering tests are scheduled to begin during the first week of June, and we will phase into queue program observations as we complete the on-sky checkout instruments/modes. GMOS will be the first instrument to be returned to routine operations. To support community planning, we note that:
- Director's Discretionary Time proposals should not request Gemini North observations that begin prior to 15 June.
- Fast Turnaround proposals for Gemini North will be solicited for the 30 June deadline for observations beginning 1 August.
Update 5 May 2023
It is official — the Gemini North primary mirror repairs are complete and the mirror has now been successfully recoated. The process of reassembling the telescope to return to operations is now under way.
We are confident that all glass defects have been repaired and secured. The new lateral pad was installed at the end of March, and the new epoxy cured while the pad was held at a constant temperature and in a fixed, monitored position for two weeks. We have completed a final analysis of stress surrounding the newly attached lateral pad, and have performed a series of “pull tests” on witness samples created with the same batch of epoxy. All of these tests indicate the Gemini North primary mirror is fully repaired.
The newly recoated mirror will be reinstalled in the mirror cell in the coming days. Once that is done, the mirror support systems will be powered up and tested, and the mirror cell will be installed in the telescope. Installation of the Acquisition and Guidance Unit and instruments will follow, with subsystems being thoroughly tested after a long period off sky. Our current plan has a return to sky during the week of 22 May.
Update 31 March 2023
We are happy to report that the Gemini North primary mirror repair team has reached another important milestone. On Friday 24 March the team attached a new lateral support attachment pad on the primary mirror, replacing the one removed by REOSC a few weeks ago. We are closely monitoring the temperature and position of the attachment pad while the epoxy cures over the next 8 days.
The team has been preparing for this step for the last several weeks, including dress rehearsals of attaching the pad in the correct location within tolerance, additional simulations and tests for maintaining the correct temperature of the glass and metal, and preparation of witness samples.
This week the team is conducting an internal readiness review for the primary mirror stripping, coating, and reinstallation. This work is planned to begin on 17 April. Our current schedule has our return to science operations in mid-May.
Update 16 March 2023
An update from the Gemini Observatory Director, Jen Lotz, on the status of the Gemini North primary mirror.
I am very pleased to report that the glass surrounding the chipped region of the Gemini North primary mirror is now repaired! Despite challenging weather conditions on Maunakea, Safran-REOSC was able to finish the grinding and polishing of the damaged regions of the primary mirror.
The REOSC team members have performed their final birefringence tests, which help determine the optical properties of the material, and confirmed that the stress has been released. The Gemini/NOIRLab team has performed the initial inspections of their work and is very happy with the results.
We still need to re-attach the replacement lateral pad, complete the mirror coating, reassemble the telescope, and perform a series of checkouts before returning to nighttime operations.
Update 27 February 2023
The Safran–REOSC team will arrive in Hilo this week and start the on-site repair work for the Gemini-North primary mirror. We anticipate that the repairs, re-attachment of the lateral pad, and additional reviews will take around 4 weeks. Once the repairs are determined to be successful, we will complete the M1 stripping, coating, and reassembly of the telescope. This is planned to take another approximately 4 weeks. Our current schedule has the return of Gemini North to science operations by the end of April.
Update 25 January 2023:
The Observatory now has a signed agreement in place with Safran-REOSC for the preparatory work, glass repair, and lateral-pad removal for the primary mirror at Gemini North and Safran-REOSC has begun their preparatory work. Our current schedule has the return to science operations in late March/early April barring unforeseen delays, consistent with our previous update.
Update 22 December 2022:
The NOIRLab Gemini North recovery team has made significant progress with preparations for repair work on the primary mirror. The Gemini North Primary Mirror Independent Review Board met on 12 December and endorsed the new Gemini mirror handling procedures, which is a key milestone for the return to science operations. The repair plan includes: a series of preparatory tests, safety procedures, and environmental control during the repairs; removal of the lateral pad next to the damaged area; glass repair work; replacement of the lateral actuator pad; and post-repair assessment and tests.
An updated estimate of when Gemini North will return to night-time science operations is the end of March or early April 2023. Given this updated schedule, the Observatory is planning to delay the Gemini South telescope shutdown and primary mirror coating, originally planned for April 2023, to ensure that at least one Gemini telescope is available to the community, particularly during the next potential LIGO run.
We remain confident that Gemini North will recover fully from this incident and look forward to observations with a newly coated mirror in the near future.
Update 1 December 2022:
The Observatory has progressed significantly on the plan to repair the Gemini North primary mirror and return to night-time operations. More thorough inspections of the mirror have not found any additional damage, and confirm that the damage is limited to a small area on the outer edge of the mirror. We anticipate repairs to be completed in January and a return to night-time operations sometime in February, barring unforeseen delays due to weather or other factors. Further updates will be posted here.
On Thursday 20 October 2022 the 8.1-meter primary mirror of the Gemini North telescope, part of the International Gemini Observatory and operated by NSF’s NOIRLab, suffered damage to two areas of its outer edge in a section that is outside the area collecting light for observations. There were no injuries associated with this event.
While moving the primary mirror in preparation for stripping its reflective protected silver coating, it contacted an earthquake restraint on the facility’s wash cart, chipping the edge. A stop-work order was issued immediately and a thorough investigation by NOIRLab, Gemini, and external experts has begun to determine what happened and what is needed to repair the mirror.
A comprehensive lessons-learned report will also be prepared to prevent similar events in the future. An Independent Review Board, chaired by Jim Oschmann, will review and approve the results of the investigation.
This process will proceed at a deliberate and careful pace; our primary concern is the safety of our staff. The timescale for Gemini North’s return to operations will be determined by the findings of the investigation and the repair plans.
We will provide further updates as they become available.
NSF’s NOIRLab(National Optical-Infrared Astronomy Research Laboratory), the US center for ground-based optical-infrared astronomy, operates the International Gemini Observatory(a facility of NSF, NRC–Canada, ANID–Chile, MCTIC–Brazil, MINCyT–Argentina, and KASI–Republic of Korea), Kitt Peak National Observatory (KPNO), Cerro Tololo Inter-American Observatory (CTIO), the Community Science and Data Center (CSDC), and Vera C. Rubin Observatory(operated in cooperation with the Department of Energy’s SLACNational Accelerator Laboratory). It is managed by the Association of Universities for Research in Astronomy (AURA) under a cooperative agreement with NSF and is headquartered in Tucson, Arizona. The astronomical community is honored to have the opportunity to conduct astronomical research on Iolkam Du’ag (Kitt Peak) in Arizona, on Maunakea in Hawai‘i, and on Cerro Tololo and Cerro Pachón in Chile. We recognize and acknowledge the very significant cultural role and reverence that these sites have to the Tohono O'odham Nation, to the Native Hawaiian community, and to the local communities in Chile, respectively.
Director, Gemini Observatory
Public Information Officer
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